Anyone can start a pure breed rescue, and many people do. However few new rescues are still around six months later. What does it take to be successful in rescue? First you have to define successful. Set goals and refer to them frequently. Do you want to cover one town, one county, one state or more! Will you take only one breed or will you concentrate on a group of dogs such as Northern breeds, terriers, toys? Will you take only purebreds or will you accept any dog which closely resembles your breed.
The novice should stick to a manageable task. One breed is preferred in a small geographic location, as is limiting yourself to purebreds. If you become well organized and successful, then it is okay to change your goals and branch out. Remember, burnout is fatal in rescue, for both you and the dogs you are trying to save. Set your limits and STICK to them!
Once you have set your goals, you need to take care of legalities. A good step before beginning is to incorporate. It can be expensive, depending on which state you live in, but a not for profit organization is by far the safest route to follow. You can try to do this yourself, but an attorney makes the process much quicker.
At this point, if you are starting out on your own, you may want to consider recruiting others to help. They can share in the expenses and the decision making. Finding other people that share your passion for your breed is not always easy, but local breed, obedience or all breed clubs may prove a good starting point. More on this
If you will be separate from local and national clubs, start out on the right foot. Introduce yourself and your organization. Offer support to the club when it comes to promotions and education. If you end up with a surplus of adoptive homes you may be able to provide assistance to club members in placing older dogs. This is a source of considerable debate, but I believe it assists breeders in taking responsibility for their puppies rather than discourages it. Breeders looking to rescue for help in placing dogs should ALWAYS be financially responsible for their dogs and willing to provide foster care. Rescue can then refer families wishing to adopt to these breeders as appropriate. It should go without saying that truly homeless dogs should come first.
The next step in the process is developing policies and procedures. Many people can't wait to go trolling the shelters for homeless dogs but you should restrain yourself until guidelines are in place. Procedures should be developed for:
The next thing to consider is fundraising. Most rescues find that their adoption fees do not totally cover their expenses This is especially true for senior dogs and medically needy dogs. Unless you decide not to take these kinds of rescue dogs, you will need to have a fund raising plan. Some groups solicit funds through newsletters, others sell or raffle off dog related items. Whatever method you use, you will want to learn the laws in your state that cover fund raising. The GRCA has funds available through grants. Contact the committee to assist rescue for applications.
You will also have to consider the toughest questions that rescues have to face; when and why to euthanize. Do you put a dog down for showing aggression?, or only for biting?, for serious health problems?, only if the animal is suffering?. These emotional choices are easier (although they are never easy), if you have decided on a policy before you are faced with an old dog in a crate in your living room. Remember, aggressive dogs are a safety issue and a liability issue. You will need to keep in mind that your ability to help dogs in the future may depend on your decisions today. Find support for those tough choices. It helps not to try and make them all by yourself.
It is also very advantageous to find a veterinarian who will advise your group. Many vets will give reduced prices to rescues. It also helps to set up billing procedures before hand. You may need to prove that your group has the ability to pays its bills and that you are responsible enough to take care of them quickly before vets will give you credit.
To summarize, perhaps the most two most important things to do before you start a rescue are to set limits and be willing to stick to them and secondly, to have well thought out policies and procedures in place before taking your first dog. Good luck! For additional information contact your regional GRCA Representative -
Printed with permission - Cheryl Minnier